Among the free-flowing spaces of the housing estate, we designed a house that will not only create its own world but will also help redefine the wider urban context. The basis of the house is a pedestal with an open ground floor to the public, on which are located three capacity floors with apartments and rooms. Solid brick building with a surprisingly subtle detail of the cornice, counterweight, or addition to the panel neighbors. Combined windows make the number of rooms and thus the whole house optically scaled and optically smaller. Corner windows lighten the building, open up wide views for the inhabitants and become the brand of the house. Place At the intersection of Hudečkova Street and the Dlouhá cesta pedestrian path, there is an overgrown plot along with the former Nursery. The plot is interesting with the number of mature trees on the plot, the neighborhood with the nursery, and the connection to the natural park environment between the solitary panel houses. The quiet location at the less busy Hudeček street is ideal for pleasant living.
A new nursing home can become a community home not only for seniors, but also a center that will help build a local community. The main public spaces are oriented towards the street. Dining room with an outdoor garden and a capacity of 50 seats in the corner of the building. The kitchen has a larger capacity and there are other seniors who will use the kitchen services. From the dining room, you can set aside a lounge, for example for family meetings. On the ground floor, there is a publicly accessible café and a courtyard with the main entrance to the house. Through the reception, visitors can access other low-threshold services located on the ground floor, such as social assistance, a common room, or then in the basement community space with a workshop. The inner courtyard brings seating on the doorstep. The entrance for cars is designed from Hudečkova Street, from the lower part. The entrance is followed by several visitors stands on the surface and a covered ramp to the basement with seventeen stands. The same entrance with users is intended for supply. reserved place at the business entrance to the kitchen. Stairs with short arms allow more frequent rest and are safer in the event of a fall. The floor plan of a typical floor is composed of the center. A pair of evacuation elevators and a comfortable staircase lead to the hall, which is a common space for each floor. A nurse is oriented to the hall, on the second floor you go from the hall to the living terrace. Daylight falls here. At both ends of the corridors is a nook for meetings.
The aim was to preserve a large number of valuable mature trees. The garden is divided into two parts. The western, with outdoor seating of the cafe and dining room, intended for the public, and the eastern fenced part, intended for the inhabitants of the house. In the eastern part, there are footpaths between the trees, benches with seating in a protected environment, and a fireplace, for social events. The inner courtyard of the house is equipped with a flower bed with a pond and resembles a paradise garden with a cloister. The walkway around the courtyard resembles sitting on the doorstep and is a sunny corner planted with vines. The terrace on the first floor creates a controlled protected environment for clients, is complemented by flower beds, and offers shady outdoor seating on hot days. On the edge of the park, on the axis of the entrance, there is a meditation place in the garden, a covered chapel with upper light.
If the operator agreed, it would be interesting to connect the life of the kindergarten and the home for the elderly several times a year. For example, offer children toasting together with seniors, a fighting game in the garden of the home, or place slides at the interface of both plots. Interconnection is a phenomenon of the time, for example, a successful experiment of reading seniors’ fairy tales to children took place recently.
The building is considered a monolithic ground floor and a basement with brick floors. The ceilings are designed from monolithic reinforced concrete. The building is insulated with contact insulation in the upper floors, on the ground floor the cladding consists of glass-cement panels or plaster. The columns of the “colonnade” are made of precast concrete. Each of the apartments and rooms is equipped with a loggia, which is wheelchair accessible. The railing on the loggias is partly solid and thus protects its inhabitants, the other part is made of a bar railing and allows a view from the bed to the surroundings. The garages are ventilated by mixed natural and forced ventilation. In the basement, the rooms across the English courtyard are lit, there are community workshops and technology and cellar rooms. The house can meet a low energy standard. Technologically, it will be equipped with air recuperation and heating using air-to-water heat pumps, alternatively, boreholes can be added. It is possible to place solar panels on the roof for preheating the heating water in the summer, alternatively photovoltaic panels.
Meeting construction requirements
The construction is designed in the details of the competition study. No engineering network searches were carried out and neighboring plots were not surveyed. The construction meets the general requirements of the legislation, especially the distances from neighboring land, entrances to the land, and the internal layout of the house. The layout meets the standards for homes for the elderly and sheltered housing. All rooms are wheelchair accessible, as are the balconies and roof terraces. The doors to the apartments and in the main communication areas have a width for the passage of the bed. The house is equipped with two evacuation elevators, which also include a bed. The building meets the requirement for a maximum of 4 floors above ground and one underground floor. The apartments meet the standard lighting requirements. The number of stands was increased at the request of the contracting authority compared to the requirements of the Prague Building Regulations on stands for social service workers in the house for USS vehicles, ambulances, and visitors. The proposal is in line with the current zoning plan. The functional area is defined as R&D (public facilities), where it is defined between the main uses of health and social services. The corridors are 1.8 m wide at the narrowest point, 3.6 m at the entrance to the rooms and flats. The stairs have a low slope with a dimension of 320/155. Low inclination, short stair arms, and more frequent intermediate landings make the stairs more comfortable and safer.
Fire safety solutions
Due to the number of disabled users of the house, increased demand for fire prevention measures is necessary. Passive protection is essential. The building is designed from non-combustible structures, has integrated fire protection equipment such as EPS, burglar alarm, and is divided into several basic fire protection sections. Each apartment or room is also a separate fire department. The design of escape routes has the greatest impact on the layout. The building is equipped with two escape stairs with a fire hall at the far ends of the building. In the middle, there are two evacuation elevators, which open into areas without fire risk. The corridors have furniture made of non-combustible materials, aluminum or steel. On the ground floor, there are escape routes directly to the terrain. The ground floor is divided into areas without fire risk (reception) and into separate sections of the dining room, cafe, and other areas.
ov architekti, Jiří Opočenský, Štěpán Valouch, Ondřej Králík
Věra Fišerová, Antonín Pokorný
Městská část Praha 4