The valley of the Jeřmanický brook is built in the traditional scheme – a brook, along the path of the brook, along with the way houses. During the development of the village, other parallel roads were created, parallel to the stream and built-up areas. The historic center of the village is traditionally demarcated buildings of school, office, and church, the location of a new house between these buildings, prevent the natural emergence of the village square – as a place for the cultural life of the village. So we offered the opportunity to create a second, new meeting place, and we called it a slap in the face.
The location of the new buildings is based on the village principle of construction along the longitudinal axis parallel to the contour line. The position of the proposed buildings in relation to each other creates a new space that opens to the south and the valley of the village.
The terrace/plot is defined by stone walls, paving, and linden plantings. Outdoor seating complemented by ground trampolines can be used for time to relax and stop on the way from kindergarten.
Senior living is oriented to the south overlooking the hills and meadows. Common areas, wide corridors, and a porch leading to the beach allow seniors to meet. The community room, designed at the head of the house, will be able to use the village and thanks to its own entrance, regardless of the operation of the house. Each of the apartments on the first floor has its own loggia and on the ground floor, there is a front garden with a sitting area.
The basic spatial layout of the kindergarten communicates with the senior house. Thanks to the orientation of the social spaces of both buildings towards the plot, the conditions for the interaction of three generations are created. The wide corridor of the school offers another space suitable for the presentation of the school and the exhibition of the creations of the pupils themselves. The class is oriented northeast with a view of the garden (first stage). The southern sun passes through a skylight with a system of external blinds. In the second stage, the completion of the class with its own facilities and dining room is planned. The kitchen, common to the needs of the senior house and kindergarten, should also occasionally serve the needs of municipal meetings and events.
Both buildings are brick, with reinforced concrete ceilings and a wooden truss structure, based on concrete foundations. The walls are plastered on the outside, complemented by wooden windows. The loggia is lined with wooden paneling, which creates a friendly detail for its inhabitants. Green roofs are a sign of contemporary construction.
The aim of the overall proposal is the interconnection of the new construction intervention with the municipality, the creation of a clear plot, economy, maximum use of rainwater, and reducing the burden of the municipality on the overall maintenance of the building. The proposed runoff path, on the west side of which defines the buildable area. The existing path is lined by an alley of trees planted perpendicular to the union. We are leading a new one from the fire station
in short – a staircase in the terrain with an exit on a plot between the buildings. We propose to plant two smaller cherry and plum orchards in the area. Behind the armory and the house with senior housing, it is also possible to place a common fireplace. We propose to extend the road behind the former kindergarten with vertical parking spaces, the road along the cemetery with a large slope can be modified and extended by longitudinal parking spaces with offset tree alleys.
The buildings meet the low-energy standard, recuperation is used, heating with an air-water or ground-water heat pump, collection and use of rainwater. Both buildings have designed glazing. The kindergarten uses the principle of the so-called Trombe wall, a massive wall between the glass corridor and the classroom, which accumulates heat from the sun’s rays and further distributes heated air around the building. To prevent excessive gain from solar radiation in the summer, external shielding and possible aftercooling by means of recuperation and heat pumps are proposed.
Drainage of paved surfaces and roofs of buildings is drained into storage tanks, they can be integrated into the foundation structure of the school, and rainwater is further used for irrigation and flushing. Infiltration gaps along the road are used to capture rainwater from the surrounding roads and paved areas. If the storage tanks are filled, the water is drained to other outlets under the kindergarten. In the case of saturation of overhangs, the water is drained through the existing drainage system into the Jeřmanický stream.
Senior living can reach the standard of 15 kW / hour per m2 per year, kindergarten thanks to the raised ceilings and the calculation methodology then 20 kW / hour per m2 per year. Assumption of mowing grassy areas according to seasonal needs and weeding of green roofs, with the supply of nutrients and fertilizer once a year.
ov architekti, Jiří Opočenský, Štěpán Valouch, Ondřej Králík
Romana Bedrunková, Jakub Neumann
Architectural competition 2021, 1st prize